Odmaturuj Z Fyziky: A Comprehensive Review of Physics for High School Students
Odmaturuj Z Fyziky is a publication that provides a clear and concise overview of high school physics. It covers topics ranging from the basics of classical physics to the latest discoveries of modern physics. It is designed to help students prepare for their final exams and entrance exams for universities.
The publication is divided into chapters and smaller thematic units, which are easy to navigate. The main text in the left column is complemented by supplementary information in the right blue column. The blue column contains many explanatory diagrams, illustrations, and derivations of formulas (in some cases with the help of mathematics). This way, the publication can also be used for advanced study of physics.
Modern physics, especially the physics of elementary particles and the evolution of the universe, is presented according to the most recent scientific knowledge in an understandable and accessible way. The publication includes many schemes and tables, such as a schematic table explaining the system of elementary particles CPEP (Contemporary Physics Education Project, Berkeley, California, U.S.A.).
Odmaturuj Z Fyziky is available in PDF format for download from various online sources[^1^] [^2^] [^3^]. However, some users have reported that the PDF quality is poor, the beginning is blurry, and the pages are upside down. The PDF also does not contain astrophysics, which is part of the high school curriculum.
Despite these drawbacks, Odmaturuj Z Fyziky is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about physics or refresh their knowledge before taking an exam.
In this article, we will review some of the main topics covered by Odmaturuj Z Fyziky and provide some examples and exercises to test your understanding.
Classical physics deals with the phenomena that can be observed in everyday life, such as motion, forces, energy, heat, sound, light, and electricity. It is based on the laws and principles discovered by scientists such as Newton, Galileo, Kepler, Hooke, Boyle, Joule, Faraday, and Maxwell.
Some of the concepts and formulas that you should know from classical physics are:
The kinematic equations for uniformly accelerated motion: $$v=v_0+at$$ $$s=s_0+v_0t+\\frac12at^2$$ $$v^2=v_0^2+2as$$ where $v$ is the final velocity, $v_0$ is the initial velocity, $a$ is the acceleration, $s$ is the displacement, $s_0$ is the initial position, and $t$ is the time.
The Newton's laws of motion: $$\\vecF=m\\veca$$ $$\\vecF_12=-\\vecF_21$$ $$\\vecF_ext=0 \\implies \\vecp=const.$$ where $\\vecF$ is the force, $m$ is the mass, $\\veca$ is the acceleration, $\\vecF_12$ is the force exerted by body 1 on body 2, $\\vecF_21$ is the force exerted by body 2 on body 1, $\\vecF_ext$ is the net external force, and $\\vecp$ is the momentum.
The work-energy theorem: $$W=\\Delta E_k$$ where $W$ is the work done by a force on a body, and $\\Delta E_k$ is the change in kinetic energy of the body.
The conservation of mechanical energy: $$E_mech=E_k+E_p=const.$$ where $E_mech$ is the mechanical energy of a system of bodies, $E_k$ is the kinetic energy of the system, and $E_p$ is the potential energy of the system.
The first law of thermodynamics: $$\\Delta U=Q-W$$ where $\\Delta U$ is the change in internal energy of a system, $Q$ is the heat transferred to or from the system, and $W$ is the work done by or on the system.
The ideal gas law: $$pV=nRT$$ where $p$ is the pressure, $V$ is the volume, $n$ is the number of moles of gas, $R$ is the universal gas constant, and $T$ is the absolute temperature.
The Ohm's law: $$V=IR$$ where $V$ is the voltage (potential difference), $I$ is the current (rate of charge flow), and $R$ is the resistance.
The Kirchhoff's laws: $$\\sum I=0$$ $$\\sum V=0$$ where $\\sum I$ is the algebraic sum of currents at a junction point in a circuit, and $\\sum V$ is the algebraic sum of voltages around a closed loop in a circuit.
The Coulomb's law: $$\\vecF=k\\fracq_1q_2r^2\\hatr$$ where $\\vecF$ is the electrostatic force between two point charges $q_1$ and $q_2$, $k$ is the Coulomb's constant, $r$ is the distance between them, and $\\hatr$ is the unit vector pointing from one charge to another.
The magnetic force on a moving charge: $$\\vecF=q\\vecv\\times\\vecB$$ where $\\vecF$ is 0efd9a6b88